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Historical background of the Vitebsk Power System development

The first industrial power plant in Vitebsk region was built in Vitebsk in 1898 and was intended to power tram lines and illuminate the city center. 
Development of the large republican power system began in Vitebsk region in 1930, when Belorusskaya State District Power Plant was put into operation. First power lines were built during the same period. Power plants in Vitebsk, Orsha, Polotsk and Novopolotsk were built within the years of formation and development of the Vitebsk Power System.

Around the middle of the 60s Belarus again felt acute power shortage and inevitably began looking for a way out. And the only option was to increase power. Therefore, it was decided to build a new power plant (Lukomlskaya SDPP) on large lake Lukoml. This power plant
was announced to be the major Komsomol construction. 

The first 300 MW unit was successfully put into operation at Lukomlskaya SDPP on the Power Engineer's Day in December 1969. This solved the problem of power supply of the country's North-West region.


Polotsk Hydro Power Plant was commissioned June 30, 2017. Vitebsk Hydro Power Plant was commissioned July 31, 2017. Substation 330 kV ”Postavy” was commissioned July 31, 2017. Implementation of the facility “Energy-saving winter greenhouses of 4.38 hectares area in the urban settlement Orekhovsk of Orsha district” was completed October 23, 2017.

February 10. One of the most important stages of the project ”Construction of Vitebsk Hydro Power Plant on the Zapadnaya Dvina River” - overlapping of the bypass channel of Vitebsk Hydro Power Plant - was implemented. March 11. Siemens turbine SST -110/060 TANDEM was commissioned with a capacity of 12.825 MW at Orsha CHPP.

March. Commencement of R-6-35 / 6, st. No. 1 turbine unit replacement at Orsha CHPP.April. Commencement of implementation of”Construction of Substation -330 kV “Postavy”. June. Reconstruction of Boginsk Hydro Power Plant in the Braslavsky district has been completed.

January 1, 2014. Major construction and installation work on CCPP-400 at Lukomlskaya State District Power Plant was implemented. May 29, 2014. Combined-Cycle Power Plant with a capacity of 427 MW was commissioned at Lukomlskaya SDPP.

December 2013. Construction of the mini-CHPP using local fuels in Baran was completed .

January 18, 2012. Grand opening of CCPP-400 MW construction site at Lukomlskaya State District Power Plant. 2012. Modernization of the power unit No. 3 at Lukomlskaya SDPP.

March 23, 2011. Contract for the construction of a mini-CHPP using local fuels at the boiler house “Baran” in Orsha was signed with POLYTECHNIK GmbH. December 21, 2011. 35 MW turbine No. 2 at Vitebsk CHPPwas replaced with a new one with a capacity of 40 MW. 2010-2011. Modernization of the power unit No. 4 at Lukomlskaya SDPP (II, III stage).


June 27. Vitebsk Production Association of Energy and Electrification (PA "Vitebskenergo") was renamed to Vitebsk republican unitary enterprise of electric power industry "Vitebskenergo" (RUE "Vitebskenergo").

December. A 3.5 MW turbine operating with low-level steam was commissioned at the district boiler house "Vostochnaya" in Vitebsk.


August 6. Belenergo approved "Plan for technical re-equipment and reconstruction Lukomlskaya SDPP within 2001-2010."


February 13.  For the first time in Belarus the upgraded unit No. 3 with power increasing by 7-10 MW was commissioned at Lukomlskaya SDPP.

March 12. A 6 MW turbogenerator Polotsk HPP was put into operation.


May 18. Communal Agricultural Unitary Enterprise "Vesna" was affiliated to RUE "Vitebskenergo" and renamed as "Vesna-Energo".

December 25. 40 MW turbogenerator No.3 with the turbine PT-35\40-8,8 was put into operation at Vitebsk CHPP.


July. Upgrade of the unit No.1 with power increasing by 15 MW at Lukomlskaya SDPP.

The expander-generator unit DGUE-2500 kW No. 2 was commissioned at Lukomlskaya SDPP.

December. A set of power equipment for incineration of wood and peat was commissioned at Belorusskaya SDPP.


April 26. The first phase of the reconstructed 110 kV Substation of Polotsk District Electric Networks including replacement of airblast circuit breakers with VGT-110 kV sulfur-hexafluoride ones was put into operation (Russia).

September 17-20. The fourth international competition among operational and maintenance personnel of electric distribution networks enterprises of the CIS countries in Vitebsk.

November 29. Orsha CHPP affiliated Production Republican Unitary Peat Enterprise "Usvizh-Buk".

Belorusskaya SDPP affiliated Production Republican Unitary Peat Enterprtise "Osintorf".



January. A complex for the preparation of wood chips for the boiler operating with local fuels at Belorusskaya SDPP.

March 30. K-300-240 steam turbine with replacement of HPC, IPC, LPC of energy unit no. 2 was upgraded at Lukomlskaya SDPP. Increasing of electric power by 15 MW.

December 1. Communal Agricultural Unitary Enterprise "Teplichny" was affiliated to RUE "Vitebskenergo" as a branch "Teplichny".



June 12. For the first time at Vitebskenergo a modular substation 110/10 kV "Airport" (manufactured by Siemens) was commissioned in Polotsk.

June 19. Energy unit No. 4 was connected to the grid after upgrade of the turbine K-300-240 with power increase by 15 MW at Lukomlskaya SDPP.

October 2. Opening of a memorial plate on the office building of Belorusskaya SDPP in tribute to Igor N. Alexandrov.

December 25. Сontract for the construction of hydroelectric complex of Polotsk HPP was signed with OAO VO "Technopromexport" (Russia).



Lukomlskaya SDPP. Reconstruction of the steam path at K-300-240 steam turbine no.4.

Improvement of the Substation "Polotsk - Rayonnaya".

21.09. Contract for the construction of 400 MW Combined-Cycle Power Plant at Lukomlskaya SDPP was signed with China National Machinery and Equipment Import and Export Corporation.

27.12. Contract for the construction of Vitebsk Hydro Power Plant was signed with China National Electric Engineering Corporation, Ltd.




November 8. The first phase of Belorusskaya SDPP was put into operation. First substations and power lines of 35 and 110 kV to Vitebsk, Orsha, Mogilev and Shklov were put into operation.


May 15. Belarusian power system was created.


A second phase of Belorusskaya SDPP was put into operation, power plant capacity reached 32 MW.


December. Polotsk CHPP was put into operation.


December 27. The 6.3 MW first phase of Vitebsk CHPP was put into operation.


November. A second phase of Vitebsk CHPP was put into operation. The Power Plant reached its rated capacity of 56.3 MW.

December. Orsha CHPP with a capacity of 6 MW was commissioned.


December 11. General Power and Electrification Administration Office under the Council of Ministers of Belorussian SSR issued an Order no. 4, according to which District Power and Electrification Administration Offices within the boundaries of the existing republican regions were created. District Power Administration Office "Vitebskenergo" was established within the boundaries of Vitebsk region.

December 27. The first turbine unit with a capacity of 60 MW was commissioned at Novopolotsk CHPP.


February. Construction of Lukomlskaya SDPP was commenced .

December 15. A training center of Vitebskenergo was created at Belorusskaya SDPP.


December. The first Power Engineer's Day was celebrated in the USSR.


April. Vitebsk Heat Networks Enterprise was created.

December. The first power unit with a capacity of 300 MW was put into operation at Lukomlskaya SDPP.


July 12. Vitebsk District Power and Electrification Administration Office "Vitebskenergo" was renamed as District Power and Electrification Administration Office of Vitebsk Region "Vitebskenergo".


December. 330 kV Substation "Vitebskaya" was commissioned.


330 kV Substation "Polotskaya" was commissioned.


August. An 8th power unit was commissioned at Lukomlskaya SDPP. The Power Plant reached its rated capacity of 2400 MW.


330 kV Substation "Orsha" was commissioned.


March 12. The Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR ordered to award Lukomlskya SDPP with "Badge of Honor".


Wooden poles for 35-110 kV overhead lines were completely replaced by the reiforced concrete towers.


750 kV overhead line Ignalina NPP - SS "Belorusskaya" was commissioned.


December. Lukomlskaya SDPP and Novopolotsk CHPP were affiliated to Vitebskenergo.


Lukomlskaya SDPP started to incinerate natural gas.


September. Combined-Cycle Power Plant with a capacity of 67 MW was commissioned at Orsha CHPP.


December. DGUE-5000 expander generator unit was commissioned at Lukomlskaya SDPP.



Administrative Procedures
Connection to the Electric Power Supply System


Management of the Vitebsk Power System (1962-2019)

Vladimir S. Davydovski
Mikhail P. Kondratyev
Leonid I. Scherbakov
Valentin V. Gerasimov
Mikhail I. Samodeev
Alexander V. Ozerets
Pavel I. Kharitonov
Mikhail V. Luzin 
2014 – 2020